Scoliosis is a condition that causes the spine of an otherwise healthy person to curve to the side. It can curve to the left or right, or sometimes there may be two curves (a double curvature), which can result in an S-shaped spine. As well as curving, the spine can also twist, which may pull the ribcage out of position and can cause a lump to form on the person’s back or make it appear particularly rounded. The waist may appear uneven or one shoulder blade may protrude more than the other. Ironically, a double curvature may actually cause the spine to appear straight as the two curves can sometimes cancel each other out.
The curvature may occur in different parts of the spine, including the upper spine and the lumbar area. Thoracic scoliosis, which affects the chest area, can have a detrimental impact on lung performance.
Causes of scoliosis
Scoliosis is relatively common, affecting as many as four children per 1000 and causing them to need specialist clinical support. It is not linked to disease or lifestyle choices. In most cases the precise cause is unknown – referred to as idiopathic – but some types of scoliosis can be due to a neuromuscular condition like cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy. It can also be linked to syndromes such as Marfan syndrome.
Types of scoliosis
Different types of scoliosis can affect people at different stages of life:
Scoliosis treatment options
There is a range of different treatments for scoliosis, depending on the type and severity of the condition. Treatments include:
Contact us to find out more about the different treatment options available for scoliosis.